‘CLEAN’  AN AREA FROM EXPLOSIVES

 

 

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KYKLOTRON E3 series sensors to Clean and Protect from Explosives 

 

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The DRAMS Controller System (DCS)                           KYKLOTRON E3 Sensor 

                                                                                Computing Support System

                                                                                                  (PAD)

D.R.A.M.S.  Methodology for detection explosives on field

 

Next example refers to search from a distance of over 500 m ( 650 m  and triangulate at 350 m )  to find a small quantity of ½ lbs of TNT explosive matter and some grams of other well known explosives.   IN THIS EXAMPLE ONE USER  IS ACTING.

 

The test take place in an area that is clean from explosives.  The operator (system user) takes few trials before the test starts to check if any angle is dirty ( have in mind that may be an unknown explosive matter is in this direction)  from other explosives further away that do not belong to the test explosives. If any angle is dirty then the explosives for the test in that angle are removed.

An operator (KYKLOTRON E3 Sensor system user) with a KYKLOTRON E3 Sensor system stands in the center of o circle of 605 m radius.  Around him on a half circle , ½ lbs of TNT explosive matter and some grams of other well known explosives are placed (inside  a large  area of about 46420 m2, the red square in the picture ).

 

 

PROTOCOL 

1.     Operator goes away from the test area in order not to see.

2.     The explosives are placed somewhere inside the test area (RED SQUARE).

3.     The operator goes out of the test area and goes to a point over 500 meters  far. This is the FIRST OUTER CHECK POINT (1).

4.     The operator search and find a direction that the explosives are. 

5.     The operator record this direction using the KYKLOTRON E3 software, on the digital map on the screen.

6.     The operator change position, out of the test area and goes to another  point over 350 m  far. This is the SECOND OUTER CHECK POINT.

7.     The operator search and find a direction that the explosives are. 

8.     The operator record this direction using the KYKLOTRON E3 software, on the digital map on the screen.

9.     The operator shows to testers the area (blue circle) that the explosives are placed on the digital map, on the screen and then shows to them the place on ground (if  the explosive place could been seen). 

10. Operator goes to the area (blue circle on the digital map of the PAD screen) that the explosives are placed inside the test area.   His target is to pin – point explosives or gone as closer to them.

11. The operator search and find a direction that the explosives are.  This is the FIRST NEAR CHECK POINT.

12. The operator change position, not far from the FIRST NEAR CHECK POINT but in a different angle.  This is the SECOND NEAR CHECK POINT.

13. The operator search and find a second direction that the explosives are. 

14. The operator shows to testers the EXACT POINT that the explosives are placed on the ground.

   

 

Before doing any search operation the operator needs thorough knowledge of the device and also needs full-fledged training of handling the equipment. Search operation needs the fallowing steps to be fallowed:

 

1. Define the area of search to be conducted

2. Understand the geography of the location

3. Collect the data and furnish the profarma

4. Scan the area from three different locations P1, P2 and P3 as shown in the Pic.1

 

The localization of explosive area occurs when there is only one explosive is planted in the location. The localized are 5m to 50m radius depends upon the quantity and type of the explosives. (Note here that the magnetic field of each material/composition of the material depend on the type of material and the quantity of the material used in the explosive) Conduct the search operation with the conventional methods to trace out the Explosive 5. 6. Defuse the explosive

 

 

 

Detection Using  D.R.A.M.S.  method in action

 

A typical plan includes 2 Kyklotron E3 sensors (K1 - K2), controlled by a computer server (K3). 4 Land mines (1,2,3,4) are buried in depth in the sand.

 

 

The two Kyklotron E3 sensors are scanning at the same time from two different locations. When a target is detected DRAMS controllers press a virtual button and then a point is drawn in the DRAMS controller server where the two lines cross. The exact point of landmine 1 is recorded in the DRAMS digital database by its longitude and latitude coordinates.  

 

 

The two Kyklotron E3 sensors  can detect a new target now. When the new target has been detected, Kyklotron E3 sensors controllers use the same method as before and a new point is saved into the DRAMS controller server. The exact point of landmine 2 is recorded by its longitude and latitude coordinates.

 

 

 

The two Kyklotron E3 sensors are able to detected new targets using the same technique as before, see the following figures.  

 

 

 

 

Using this simple method all land mines are recorded in accuracy and the demining phase is only a matter of time.  In this example land mines used as explosives.

 

 

 

A modem, a DRAMS controller (super user) laptop and a KYKLOTRON E3 sensor PAD  (client – server architecture).

 

USING  DRAMS EWS  to ‘CLEAN’  an area from explosives

 

Many KYKLOTRON E3 sensors PAD’s can connect with the DRAMS CONTROLLER server at any time. The connection between the KYKLOTRON E3 sensor PAD and the DRAMS CONTROLLER server  is done through wireless GSM or common modem – ADSL2 +router technology. The KYKLOTRON E3 sensor user draws a line on the sensor PAD , towards that the antenna of the sensor points.

 

DRAMS EWS system apart from a server (laptop) and a KYKLOTRON E3 sensor PAD

The user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor that performs the detection of explosives may correct the red line on the GIS map of the PAD. KYKLOTRON E3 sensor user can see on the GIS map where the KYKLOTRON E3 antenna is pointing when detecting. Then he can compare that to the line drawn on the PAD’s GIS map. If there is difference, the user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor can erase the line drawn (undo) and draw it again manually. These corrections are needed since the compass may have discrepancy from the KYKLOTRON E3 antennas direction.

The user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor does not fill any information (notes) about the new search Session that he wants to perform. This process is made automatically by the sensors system. The user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor could continue to check the location from a new check point.

When the user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor is out searching, all the maps needed for the research are already downloaded to the PAD from the Internet from office. Proper download GIS maps software comes together with DRAMS CONTROLLER  software in order to capture and create map files. All these map files can be inside the PAD and the DRAMS CONTROLLER laptop. User of the KYKLOTRON E3 sensor does not need any connection to the internet while detecting on field. 

 

When the PAD is open, GPS gives user of KYKLOTRON E3 sensor his position. Position is shown on the map with a small point (blue arrow). When the KYKLOTRON E3 sensor is detecting, the user can send the angle of detection to the DRAMS CONTROLLER laptop or desktop computer by pressing a button on the KYKLOTRON E3 Application. Bellow it can be seen in yellow color (a,b,c), the points (check points) from where measurements were taken. From three locations (two are enough… Using three for verification) measurements where taken. The explosives location is where the lines are crossing (black triangle ).

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There are some places of detection that the localization of added explosives becomes difficult because there are many already existing ones (red squares). The picture bellow shows a point (a) from where 4 directions where detected.

 

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The picture bellow shows how an area is searched for explosives. Three points for detection where selected (a,b,c), in yellow marks, and measurements where taken from these three points. From each point one direction was found. The three lines cross forming a small triangle in their intersection.

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A second more refined search on the same area as in the picture above is shown in the picture bellow. From 3 points around the small triangle, but much closer this time, new measurements are taken to locate the explosive more accurately.

Bellow a map is shown as it appears from GIS map through the DRAMS Software. Measurements where taken from three points and one direction was drawn from each point as shown in the figure bellow.  A second more refined search of the figure above, is shown on the figure bellow where the points for detection are much closer to the location.

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Lets assume now that there are two known locations where explosives are located. These two known locations are marked from the user with red squares (using the POI process). User searches the area for new explosives. Measurements were taken from three points for detection shown in small yellow color shapes (a,b,c). From each point for detection three directions were found and were drawn. From each point for detection, there were two directions to the two known locations and one direction to the new explosive. The point (blue circle) where the three directions to the new explosive from the three points for detection cross, is where the new explosive is located.  The point where the new explosive is found from the figure above can be marked by the user by a blue circle (POI), shown on the figure bellow.

 

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NOTE: All the data appearing on all the above maps are not real and are only for the purpose of demonstration

Using the DRAMS EWS in action, means ‘detecting using more than one KYKLOTRON E3 sensor systems‘.

 

 

There are times where speed in Detection is very critical. Measurements need to be taken simultaneously from different points for detection using more KYKLOTRON E3 sensor systems. Then the results of these measurements from the different points may be sent to the same DRAMS CONTROLLER’s computer for correlation and for checking the locations where lines are crossing and finding the exact location of the explosive.

The PAD of any KYKLOTRON E3 sensor system may send its data to DRAMS CONTROLLER server laptop or computer on a mobile station or to the Operations Center through cellular telephony or radio signals. The results of the measurements from the different KYKLOTRON E3 sensors PAD ‘s may be sent to  the DRAMS CONTROLLER server computer for correlation and for checking the locations where the lines are crossing and finding the exact location of the explosive. This way faster localization of the area of the explosives is achieved. DRAMS EWS  is a fully C4ISR system, as the PAD’s  can communicate with the DRAMS CONTROLLER servers.

 

 

Above : A complex picture of the same area on a controller laptop screen (left ) and the same picture in a PAD screen on a KYKLOTRON E3 sensor (right).